Homework from Lecture 48
Rough Draft of Essay about Teen Pregnancy

To download the prompt, please click here.

Homework from Lecture 23
Hero's Journey Movie Challenge
***Performance Assessment

To download the movie analysis, please click here.

Homework from Lecture 16
"Sales: Teacher Challenge"
***Performance Assessment

Part One

What is the best shoe on the market? The reason I ask is that I need a new pair of shoes and do not know what to choose. Would you help me please? I need to either get a new pair of dress shoes for the wedding or a pair of sneakers for the gym. I might even be able to get both. Which pair I get completely depends on how well you convince me. I will follow the advice of the best written business proposal, even if it is a ridiculous shoe for me to wear. Once you pick a shoe, please write a Schaffer Model paragraph on each of these six categories:

1.   Style
2.  Quality
3.  Ergonomics
4. Price
5. Uniqueness
6. Versatility

Please label each paragraph with the title of the category for easy reading.

Part Two

Next, please write a business proposal. The idea behind this is to make it sound as professional as possible. For the template, click here

Part Three

To truly sell your shoe, do one of the following projects: 

1) Commercial: Write a one page script for a commercial that demonstrates the strength of the shoe or builds brand loyalty through humor.
2) Visual Aid: Make a poster that shoes off the design and style of the shoe of your choice.
3) Fake Celebrity Endorsement: Imagine that an unexpected celebrity is endorsing the shoe and write a fake letter announcing the endorsement.
4) Plan for a Product Placement: Product placements are becoming ever more popular. Begin by researching common product placements and then write a pitch for a unique product placement for the shoe of your choice.

Homework from Lecture 14
"Quotations and Citations"


Read the attached copy of Kurt Vonnegut’s “All The King’s Horses” (1951), a short story about a U.S. soldier who is caught behind enemy lines and must make difficult decisions. Below is the excerpt from the book's Wiki page:

The story takes place in the early years of the Cold War and centers on U.S. Army Colonel Bryan Kelly, whose plane has crash-landed on the Asiatic mainland. With him are his two sons, his wife, the pilot and co-pilot, and ten enlisted men. The sixteen prisoners are held captive by the Communist guerrilla chief Pi Ying, who forces Kelly to play a game of chess — using his family and men as the white pieces, and himself as the king. Any American pieces that Pi Ying captures will be executed immediately; if Kelly wins, he and his surviving pieces will be freed. A Russian military officer, Major Barzov, and Pi Ying's female companion are present to watch the game.

Pi Ying takes a sadistic pleasure in pointless exchanges of pieces meant to wear down Kelly, who begins to doubt himself over every move he makes. Eventually, he realizes that his only chance to win involves sacrificing one of his knights, played by his sons. 

Once you have finished reading, please pick six quotes from the book. Make sure you include MLA internal citation after each quote. For example, “It wouldn't do to precipitate an incident between our countries just now” (Vonnegut 10). Also, please write the letter of the theme that most connects to your selected quote.

A. Survival                    
B. Hidden Danger and Traps                 
C. Predator vs. Prey                
D. Civilization vs. Barbarism  
E. Reason is Power                
F.Trust and Friendship                           
. Competition

Homework from Lecture 13
"Predator and Prey"
"Quotes and Citation"

Part One 

Please write a one page story where prey becomes the predator. In this story, include the following elements:

- description of the prey acting weak and passive (in the past or present)
- change in character where the prey becomes strong and active (in the past or present)
- onomatopoeia (word that sounds like itself; examples include thwack, slap, bam, squeak.)
- symbol (an object that represents a larger idea; examples include rose for love, flag for America, and pink ribbon for breast cancer awareness.

Part Two 

Please bold or underline the four elements discussed above.

 Part Three 

Please read the copy of James Patterson’s Zoo (2012) that you received in class. This is a book that describes animals turning the tables against humans. In his story, Patterson argues that we humans have become the world’s largest predator and Mother Nature will turn against humans to give the rest of the animal kingdom a fighting chance. Below is the excerpt from the back of the book:

All over the world, brutal attacks are crippling entire cities. Jackson Oz, a young biologist, watches the
escalating events with an increasing sense of dread. When he witnesses a coordinated lion ambush in Africa, the enormity of the violence to come becomes terrifyingly clear. Now with the help of ecologist Chloe Tousignant, Oz must race to warn world leaders before it’s too late. But the attacks are growing in ferocity, cunning, and planning—and soon there will be no place left for humans to hide (Patterson).

Once you have finished reading, please pick six quotes from the book. Make sure you include MLA internal citation after each quote. For example, “Jackal attacks on humans are so rare that there isn’t even any data on them” (Patterson 119). Also, write the letter of the theme that most connects to your selected quote.

A. Survival                    
B. Hidden Danger and Traps                 
C. Predator vs. Prey                
D. Civilization vs. Barbarism  
E. Reason is Power                
F.Trust and Friendship                           
. Competition

Homework from Lecture 10
"Author Imitation 1: Poe"

Part One
(six pages if handwritten)

Once you have picked your plot from the six choices, please creatively redesign the story. My goal is that you change the setting, add or subtract characters, and change the plot points. You can be creative as you want.

For example, if you were doing “The Fall of the House of Usher,” you could set it in a collapsing McDonald’s, make Roderick the night manager, have Madeline fall into the fryer by accident, and then write her coming out swinging. You could call the story “The Fall of the House of McDonald.” Please feel free to be creative! All I ask is that your idea connect in a recognizable way to the original story. 

Part Two

Also, please bold or underline all the literary devices you use. You should use AT LEAST two examples of each of the following literary devices: Repetition, Alliteration, Imagery, Internal Rhyme, Simile, Metaphor, Symbol, and Hubris.

If you need to review the six choices (The Cask of Amontillado, The Pit and the Pendulum, The Fall of the House of Usher, The Gold Bug, The Black Cat, and William Wilson), then please click here

Homework from Lecture 07
"P.O.V: Retell the Tell-Tale Heart"

Part One 

Review the underlined parts of “The Tell-Tale Heartfrom class and notice the variety of literary devices that Poe uses. After you shared annotation with your group, your copy of the “The Tell-Tale Heart” might even look something like the following paragraph:

True! --nervous --very, very dreadfully nervous I had been and am; but why will you say that I am mad? The disease had sharpened my senses --not destroyed --not dulled them. Above all was the sense of hearing acute. I heard all things in the heaven and in the earth. I heard many things in hell. How, then, am I mad? Hearken! and observe how healthily --how calmly I can tell you the whole story.

Your job now is to list all the portions of the story that you underlined. If your group did not get a chance to share annotation, then you will have to go through the story and try to find the other literary devices. Your list for the first paragraph might look like the following:

1.   Very                                                 (repetition)
2.  Nervous                                           (repetition)
3. Sharpened my senses                  (alliteration)
4.  Not destroyed, not dulled               (repetition) / (alliteration)
5. I heard all things                               (hubris)
6. How healthily—how calmly           (repetition) / (alliteration)

(Note: I used the “TAB” button on the computer to create the column on the right. Make sure you have a similar column that defines each literary device.)

Once you have listed the literary device, in fact, you should have a good summary of the poem based on the literary devices alone. This is because authors use literary devices to draw the reader’s attention to the most important moments for plot and character development.

Part Two
(two pages handwritten if you do not have access to a computer)

Retell “The Tell-Tale Heart” from the point of view of another character. You could tell your story from the point of view of the old man with the vulture eye, the police officers, or even the neighbor that called the cops. Please take on the voice of one of these secondary characters and make him/her your protagonist.

The events from the original story should happen in your retelling, but you can add events, even the fundamental facts that the old man dies and the murderer is caught. 

Part Three

Through the course of your story, Use and bold at least five literary devices from the list of ones we discussed today—Alliteration, Repetition, Internal Rhyme, Imagery, Simile, Metaphor, Symbols, and Hubris. All five should be unique devices, so please do not use alliteration five times, bold them, and call it quits. 

Homework from Lecture 06
"Expanding Annabel Lee"
"Analyzing Annabel Lee"

Part One

What if there was a part two of “Annabel Lee?” The poem ends with the speaker asserting that love conquerors all and he will be rejoined with his dead lover; however, what if another character came walking by the sepulcher by the sea and saw him lying there day after day? How would the speaker with this character? Could the speaker convince the new character that nothing can dissever his soul from the soul of his Annabel Lee, or would the new character talk the speaker out of his morose obsession?

Create this sequel to the poem by writing a poem entitled “Annabel Lee II.” Choose the length of the poem from the following options:

Safety Choice - 12 lines / Any rhyme scheme or style   OR           
Go for the Glory – 24 lines – Same rhyme scheme as “Annabel Lee”

Part Two

When creating your character, it should be....

An antagonist opposed to the speaker (ex: angel from heaven, family member of Annabel Lee, or the conqueror worm itself), parallel character (ex: someone who is also mourning for a lost lover and feels the same way as the speaker), or foil (ex: someone who has gotten over the loss of a lover and contrasts the speaker). Please bold or underline the section of your poem that indicates which type of character you have chosen.

Part Three

Please write argumentative paragraphs for one of the Poe poems we studied today in class (The Conqueror Worm or Annabel Lee). Choose six of the categories that make up WHAMBAMS and write a full Schaffer Model argumentative paragraph (5 – 8 sentences) for each category. This means six paragraphs total.

Below is a review of each WHAMBAMS category:

Women (Feminist Criticism) – How powerful are the female characters in the poem? Do they have their own opinions? Are they in control of their own destiny? Are women treated as a possession? Are women associated with a certain theme or motif--which is a reoccurring idea that gives the poem a “design?”

History (New Historical Criticism) – What does the poem reveal about the historical realities of the time setting? What does the poem say about health, culture, identity politics, life expectancy, or living conditions in a given time period? The most interesting commentary about historicism reveals links between the time setting of the poem and the author’s time period in which he wrote. That’s right! The poem might say more about the 1800’s than it does about the time setting, which is a long, long time ago.

African-American Experience (Black Literary Criticism) – How are black characters used in the poem? Does the poem deal with stereotypes or present characters that are well-rounded and complicated? Does the poem present strengths of black community? Interestingly, the lack of black characters can be a way to make an argument as well. Why might the author have ignored the African-American Experience in the poem? How might the poem benefit from the inclusion of black characters? Is the inclusion of black characters necessary in the poem? 

Money (Marxist Criticism) – What does the poem reveal about money, poverty, and power? Does social class matter to the plot of the poem? Are there poor characters that have been put in a position of struggle and conflict due to their poverty? Are there rich characters that use their wealth to get more power over other characters? How does the economy affect a character’s actions, emotions, or ideas? Does the economy in the world of the poem seem fair and just? Is the economy overshadowed by other ideas, such as love, or is love part of the economy?

Biography of the Author (Biographical Criticism) – You can argue that individual details in the poem reveal truths about the author’s life. The art of this argument is to pinpoint what gave the author the inspiration for the poem or to use the author’s biography to clarify ambiguity in the poem. The hard part of writing this critical lens is twofold—you have to research the author’s life AND you have to make an argument that is equally about the poem so it does not sound like a book report. 

Aesthetic (Aesthetic Essay) – A poem’s aesthetic goes past its look and feel. A poem’s aesthetic is what makes it beautiful. Aesthetic essays comment on the style and beauty of a piece of literature, so you explain the mood or tone of the poem. If you notice that a scene feels unusually humorous, dangerous, or strange, then you are talking about its aesthetic. Historically, aesthetic essays fall into these four opinions about what makes art beautiful. Pick one to help guide your argument.
                1) Classical - Art represents pure beauty and brings mankind closer to the truth and the good. “For the
                authors of these great poems which we admire, do not attain to excellence through the rules of any art;
                but they utter their beautiful melodies of verse in a state of inspiration, and as it were, possessed by a
                spirit not their own” (Plato).
2) Romantic - Art makes different people feel the same feelings as they read, which
them empathetic. “The essence of a work is the emotion it causes to an audience” (Tolstoy)
3) Didactic - Art is beautiful because it is an imitation of the real world that teaches us important
better than if we were sitting in schools learning about history, math, or science.
4) Post-Modern – Art is beautiful because it creates a space different than our broken and crazy world.
Through art, we can discuss and find truth in the literary work, which is a sanctuary created by the author.

Mind (Psychological Criticism) – How does a character in the poem think? How is this similar to how we all think? Do characters have any mental illnesses, acute paranoia, or difficulty adjusting to tragedy? If characters do have a mental illness, how are they treated by everyone else? Do please understand and help treat them, or do they want to isolate them? As you become more advanced, you can even write about how poems reflect the arguments made by individual psychologists, such as Freud.

Structure (Structural Analysis) – The structure of a poem is often established through its punctuation, stanza structure, rhyme scheme, or length. What do the poem's structural elements reveal about its meaning? Also, structure can be established through repeated patterns, such as motifs and literary devices. These patterns give a structure to the poem, which reveals meaning. For example, in Romeo and Juliet, motifs include the stars and sun (which represent lovers), bird (which are either beneficial or harmful), walls (which separates either lovers or warring families), day and night (which are either longed for or hated), paradoxes (which show how illogical both love and violence can be), puns (which show creativity, as well as multiple meanings), names (which are all important or hated), and hands (which either show love or violence). Similarly, you can write a structural analysis about patterns in the plot, the use of types of characters—parallel characters (those who are similar), catalysts (those who start the action of the plot), and foils (opposite characters). Structural analysis can encompass many approaches to analyzing a work and might be the most powerful tool in our toolkit.

Part Four

Each WHAMBAMS paragraph should have at least one quote from the text. Please bold or underline the text from the original work.


Homework from Lecture 05
"Making Poe Happy"

Part One

Edgar Allan Poe certainly looks at the world pessimistically, but with our help, maybe we can reverse the negative connotations in his poetry and make them positive. Write an eight line poem based off of either The Conquer Worm or Annabel Lee. The individual topics are below.

The Conquer Worm – In Edgar Allan Poe’s version, death conquers humans, which is cause for celebration because we are filled with madness, sin, and honor. In your version of the poem, please flip the equation so humans conquer death. Your poem could be scientific, religious, magical, or warlike. Either way, we beat death. Use at least two direct quotes from Poe’s original poem and put them in quotation marks. Poem must be eight lines.

Annabel Lee – In this poem, the speaker confesses about losing his deepest and greatest love to tuberculosis; however, there is another side to this story. What about when they first met? What about when they got engaged? Please write a version of Annabel Lee where the speaker proposes marriage. Use at least two direct quotes from Poe’s original poem and put them in quotation marks. Poem must be eight lines.

Part Two

Please bold or underline the two direct quotes from Poe's original poem and make sure they are in quotation marks.

Homework from Lecture 02
"Expanding Your Short Story"

Part One
(four pages handwritten if you do not have access to a computer)

Take your story from last time and double its length to two pages typed or four pages handwritten. As you expand your story, add the following elements:

•Give your original character a small symbol or detail that represents his/her power.
•Create an additional character that uses his/her power in a small and subtle way.
•Describe a street or cityscape in detail.
•Include a fragrance in the story, either good or bad.
•Include a four line poem or song in the text.

Part Two

Please bold, underline, or underline the five challenges as they appear in your story. 

Homework from Lecture 01
"Writing a Short Story"

(two pages handwritten if you do not have access to a computer)

Choose one of the following prompts and write a one page typed story. If you cannot type your story, then please double the page requirement and write it handwritten.

•Pretend that you wished to be tall for your birthday----and you are now tall enough to sit on the place you live. Tell me the story of the struggles of living as a tall person for the day.
•Pick a period of history (past or future) and pretend you are a person of power, wealth, and fame who loses everything. Invent this person. Do not use a real historical figure.